ABBREVIATION DICTIONARY PDF
This online-only Dictionary of Abbreviations, exclusive to Oxford Reference Online, includes over abbreviations and acronyms in alphabetical and. Oxford Classical Dictionary – Abbreviations List. Oxford Classical Dictionary, 4 th. Edition. Abbreviations List. A. General abr. abridged/abridgement adesp. This list contains the most common abbreviations used in the OED. Click on a letter to see the abbreviations beginning with that letter. Most of the words listed.
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Early forms of dictionaries of initialisms (a variously defined term that we will employ as a general rubric for acronyms and abbreviations) ap- peared in the. ABBREVIATIONS, SIGNS, AND SYMBOLS. A BBREVIATIONS SAVE SPACE and prevent fused with the preposition "in." A better procedure is the distraction of. Appendix B – Text & Social Communications - Abbreviation Dictionary. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8.
Measurement shorthand—symbol or abbreviation[ edit ] Road sign in China—"km" is a symbol, not an abbreviation, as it is not a contraction of a Chinese word Writers often use shorthand to denote units of measure.
The shorthand "in" applies to English only—in Afrikaans for example, the shorthand "dm" is used for the equivalent Afrikaans word "duim". A symbol on the other hand, defined as "Mark or character taken as the conventional sign of some object or idea or process"  applies the appropriate shorthand by substitution rather than by contraction.
It is a logogram rather than an abbreviation. In the International System of Units SI manual  the word "symbol" is used consistently to define the shorthand used to represent the various SI units of measure.
No periods should be inserted between letters—for example "m. No periods should follow the symbol unless the syntax of the sentence demands otherwise for example a full stop at the end of a sentence. The singular and plural versions of the symbol are identical—not all languages use the letter "s" to denote a plural.
It is a variant of the acronym. Syllabic abbreviations are usually written using lower case , sometimes starting with a capital letter , and are always pronounced as words rather than letter by letter. Syllabic abbreviations should be distinguished from portmanteaus , which combine two words without necessarily taking whole syllables from each. Usage[ edit ] Syllabic abbreviations are not widely used in English.
Languages other than English[ edit ] On the other hand, syllabic abbreviations prevailed both in Germany under the Nazis and in the Soviet Union for naming the plethora of new bureaucratic organisations. For example, Gestapo stands for Geheime Staats-Polizei, or "secret state police". Similarly, Leninist organisations such as the Comintern Communist International and Komsomol Kommunisticheskii Soyuz Molodyozhi, or "Communist youth union" used Russian language syllabic abbreviations.
This has given syllabic abbreviations negative connotations in some countries,[ citation needed ] as in Orwell's Newspeak , notwithstanding that such abbreviations were used in Germany even before the Nazis came to power, e. Kripo for Kriminalpolizei. In the modern Russian language words like Minoborony from Ministerstvo oborony — Ministry of Defence and Minobrnauki from Ministerstvo obrazovaniya i nauki — Ministry of Education and Science are still commonly used.
A unit of the strength of electrical current. AND ans.
AND Apr. Often used in graph columns or rows to chart the month-by- month progress of something. See also Apr. AND Aug. Often used in graph columns or rows to chart the month-by-month progress of some- thing. See also Aug. A physics abbreviation, used in formulas and equations. Acceleration is equal to the change in ve- l locity divided by the change in time. The example indi- cates an acceleration of A-I superlative; the best.
A angstrom. A unit of linear measurement equal to one ten-billionth [,,,] of a meter. The same as AU. Associate in Arts.
A two-year college de- gree. AA Alcoholics Anonymous. An organization founded in whose members help each other achieve and maintain sobriety. Pronounced "Triple A. Founded in , the largest federation of scientific groups, whose goals include furthering the progress of science and promoting human welfare.
List of business and finance abbreviations
Initial- ism, also pronounced as an acronym. A nonprofit organi- 2 zation open to anyone fifty years of age or older that addresses the needs of older people and promotes inde- pendence and dignity. A nonprofit volunteer organization established in to promote amateur sports and physical fitness programs. Sullivan Award to America's outstanding amateur athlete. Alberta, Canada. The official two-letter post of- fice abbreviation.
Used in addresses. See also Alta. Founded in , an organization of lawyers, judges, law students, and teachers pledged to uphold legal education and eth- ics. The ABA determines accreditation for law schools. A shortened word or phrase. Found in dictionaries and other texts dealing with word lists. Gum that is not fresh but that has been chewed.
American Broadcasting Company. A radio and television network in the U. Ini- tialism. Three islands in the Caribbean governed by The 3 Netherlands. ABC's the alphabet. The basics of literacy.
Huge List of Texting and Online Chat Abbreviations
Used primarily with children. ABD all but dissertation. The status of a stu- dent who has completed all the requirements for a grad- uate degree except for writing the final dissertation.
A grammatical case found in some Indo- European languages that denotes separation, direction away from, manner, or agency. The meanings associated with the ablative case are conveyed in English by prepo- sitions such asfrom and out qr Found in language text- books and dictionaries.
A military missile designed to destroy ballistic missiles in flight. A-bomb ';ltomic bomb. A highly explo- sive bomb created from the fission of uranium or pluto- nium atoms. Latin: before a meal. A phar- maceutical term found on prescriptions, indicating that the medication is to be taken before a meal. An appliance that keeps air temperature and humidity at a specific level. The cooling produced by an air conditioner.
Who turned on the AC? Electric current that reverses its electric flow back and forth. The opposite of direct cur- rent. See also DC. Ac actinium. The chemical symbol for Element AND accus. A grammatical case that marks the direct object of a transitive verb, expressing the goal of an action or a motion.
Found in explanatory material in language textbooks and dictionaries. A ledger entry established by a firm or bank to record transactions made by specific clients and customers. Referring to a device or appliance that works on either alternating current or direct current. See AC and DC.
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A slang term, derived metaphorically from devices that op- erate on either alternating or direct current. An or- ganization that defends constitutionally protected rights and freedoms. A standardized exam required by several colleges for admission. It tests academic aptitude in English, mathematics, social stud- ies, and natural sciences. ACfH adrenocorticotropic hormone. A hor- mone secreted by the pituitary gland that regulates the adrenal glands and plays a role in digestion and the body's response to stress.
An activist organization committed to direct action to end the AIDS crisis. AID analog to digital. A conversion process that changes 2. Full-time service, particu- larly as it relates to the military. D, he will do a good job. Latin: in the year of our Lord. Denotes years after the approximate birth date of Christ.
Commonly seen abbre- viated with periods [A. The AD was originally placed before the date in edited writing, but'that practice is declining.
Compare with BC. See also Common Era at CE. A motion picture or theater term, the person whose assistance allows the director to concentrate primarily on directing. A public announcement or commercial. A na- tional organization of dentists established in A govern- mental agency providing support for children of poor families.
A word used to modify or restrict the meaning of nouns and nominals. Found in language text- books and dictionaries. The management, staff, and pol- icies of an agency, institution, or political office. The highest rank in the U.
Navy, a four- star commanding officer. William J. Crowe ADR American depositary receipt.
A security issued in the United States representing a security issued in a foreign country. ADRs can be bought and sold in the United States just like the underlying shares. A word or phrase that modifies a verb, ad- jective, sentence, or another adverb. Found in language textbooks and dictionaries. Latin: according to value. The goods had been bop,ght below cost at bankruptcy sales, liquidations, and the like. From to , a government agency that oversaw the develop- ment and use of atomic energy for nonmilitary uses.
The aviation branch of a na- tion's military forces. The range of sound frequencies audible to humans, ranging from 20 to 20, hertz. Re- ferring to a camera that focuses automatically. Used in advertising and as a model designation.
AFB air force base. The headquarters of an air force division.
American Football Conference. One of two divisions of the National Football League. A circuit that locks in on a specific frequency in electrical devices such as television, radio, and radar.
AFDC aid to families with dependent children. Initial- ism. A government aid program within the department of Health and Human Services. Individual states deter- mine eligibility and the benefits received.
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AFL 1.An activist organization committed to direct action to end the AIDS crisis. Founded in , an organization of education workers that promotes professionalism, wages, and job security and addresses classroom issues such as class size and equal opportunity. AND Aug. Some titles, such as "Reverend" and "Honourable", are spelt out when preceded by "the", rather than as "Rev. Alternative or closely related definitions and paraphrases are separated by semi- colons.
ABC's the alphabet. A unit of the strength of electri- cal current. See AC and DC. The meanings associated with the ablative case are conveyed in English by prepo- sitions such asfrom and out qr Found in language text- books and dictionaries. AA Alcoholics Anonymous.
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