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CHRISTIANITY BEFORE CHRIST JOHN G JACKSON PDF

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Christianity Before Christ book. Read 7 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Nothing is new or original in Christianity. All features. PDF DOWNLOAD Christianity Before Christ *Full Books* By John G. Jackson - ijgjffdbksfgpd. Christianity Before Christ [John G Jackson] on instruktsiya.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Nothing is new or original in Christianity. All features and.


Christianity Before Christ John G Jackson Pdf

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Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for inappropriate By John G. Jackson (Originally published in ) . The passage is not mentioned by any Christian writer before Eusebius, in the early part of the fourth century. Read Christianity Before Christ PDF - by John G. Jackson Amer Atheist Pr | Nothing is new or original in Christianity. All features and. Christianity before Christ. byJackson, John G. Publication date Topics Christianity, Christianity and other religions, Christianity and atheism, Christianity and atheism, Borrow this book to access EPUB and PDF files.

The infant God in the arms of his black mother, his eyes and drapery white, is himself perfectly black. If the reader doubt my word, he may go to the cathedral at Moulinsto the famous chapel of the Virgin at Lorettoto the church of the Annunciatathe church of St.

Lazaro, or the church of St. Stephen at Genoato St. Theodore, at Munich, in the two last of which the whiteness of the eyes and teeth, and the studied redness of the lips, are very observable;to a church and to the cathedral at Augsburg, where are a black virgin and child as large as life: to Rome, and the Borghese chapel Maria Maggioreto the Pantheonto a small chapel of St.

Very often the black figures have given way to white ones, and in these cases the black ones, as being held sacred, were put into retired places in the churches, but were not destroyed, and are yet to be found there. When the circumstance has been named to the Romish priests, they have endeavored to disguise the fact, by pretending that the child had become black by the smoke of the candles; but it was black where the smoke of the candle never came: and, besides, how came the candles not to blacken the white of the eyes, the teeth, and the shirt, and how came they to redden the lips?

Their real blackness in not to be questioned for a moment. A black virgin and child among the white Germans, Swiss, French and Italians!!!

Krishna was the human incarnation of Vishnu. Jesus Christ is considered to be the second person in the Christian Trinity. The close parallels between the life-stories of Buddha and Christ are just as remarkable as those between Krishna and Christ.

Buddha11 was born of a virgin name Maya, or Mary. His birthday was celebrated on December He was visited by wise men who acknowledged his divinity. The life of Buddha was sought by King Bimbasara, who feared that some day the child would endanger his throne.

At the age of twelve, Buddha excelled the learned men of the temple in knowledge and wisdom. His ancestry was traced back to Maha Sammata, the first monarch in the world.

Jesus' ancestry is traced back to Adam, the first man in the world. Buddha was transfigured on a mountain top. His form was illumined by as aura of bright light.

Jesus was likewise transfigured on a mountain top. Mithra,13 a Persian sun-god, was virgin-born, in a cave, on December His earliest worshippers were shepherds, and he was accompanied in his travels by twelve companions.

The Mithraists kept the sabbath day holy and celebrated the Eucharist by eating wafers embellished with a cross. Adonis14 or Tammuz of Babylonia was also born of a virgin. He died a cruel death, descended into hell, arose from the tomb and ascended to heaven. In a mid-summer festival, the worshippers of Adonis wept over an effigy of the dead god which was washed with water, anointed day the Resurrection was re-enacted, after which the crowd shouted: "The Lord is Risen.

Attis15 of Phrygia was called the Good Shepherd, and was said to be the son of the virgin Nana. It is reported that Attis, when in his prime, mutilated himself and bled to death under a sacred pine tree. A pine tree was cut on March 22, and an image of the god was tied to the trunk.

He was shown as "slain and hanged on a tree. On the night of March 24, the priests opened the tomb and found it empty. The Resurrection of Attis was celebrated on March His followers were baptized in blood, thereby having their sins washed away, and they were therefore declared to have been "born again. Quetzalcoatl17 was born of a virgin, and also, like Jesus, was tempted and fasted for forty days.

He is shown in the Borgian Ms. He is depicted as a man of sable hue. After being crucified, he rose from the dead and went into the East. The Mexicans were expecting his Second Coming when the Spaniards invaded the country in the sixteenth century. Footnotes 1. Martin, ; and T. Doane's Bible Myths. Osiris was the great Egyptian god of the underworld and the judge of the dead. Krishna was the eighth avatar incarnation of Vishnu and one of the most widely worshipped of the Hindu gods.

Luke , 5 7. According to Matthew Thomas Inman, M. Doane in Bible Myths, p. Nicodemus in The Apocryphal New Testament. Higgins, Anacalypsos, vol. Buddha is said to have been a mortal sage, whose name was Siddhartha Gautama B. He was surnamed Buddha, "the awakened enlightned.

Mithra was a fifth century B. Persian god of light, who aided in the struggle with the powers of darkness. Adonis, a classical Greek mythology, a youth of remarkable beauty, a favourite of the goddess Aphrodite, symbolizing the cycle of growing seasons. Attis Atys , a deity worshipped in Phrygia, and later throughout the Roman empire, in conjunction with the Great Mother of the Gods.

New Testament:Acts Quetzalcoatl Feathered Serpent , a great Toltec deity, a god of the air, and in legend a saintly ruler and civilizer. Jackson Originally published in Part Four: Sources of the Christ Myth There are two principal types of savior-gods recognized by hierologists, namely: vegetation-gods and sun-gods. David Forsyth: Many gods besides Christ have been supposed to die, be resurrected and ascend to heaven.

This idea has now been traced back to its origin among primitive people in the annual death and resurrection of crops and plant life generally.

This explains the world-wide prevalence of the notion. Among still more primitive tribes, as Grant Allen showed, it is not yet understood that sown corn sprouts because of the spring sunshine, and they attribute the result to divine agency. To this end they are accustomed at seed time to kill their tribal godeither in human or animal formand scatter the flesh and the blood over the sown fields.

They believe that the seeds will not grow unless the god is sacrificed and added to them in this manner. When, therefore, the crops appears, they never doubt that it is their god coming to life again. It is from this erroneous belief of primitive tribes that Christianity today derives its belief in Christ's Death and Resurrection. The Sun, at the moment of passing the equinoctial point, stood three thousand years ago in the Zodiacal constellation of the Ram, or he-lamb.

The Lamb, therefore, became the symbol of the young triumphant god. At an earlier date owing to the precession of the equinoxesthe Sun at the spring passage stood in the constellation of the Bull; so, in the older worships of Egypt, and of Persia and of India, it was the Bull that was sacred and the symbol of god.

In the representation of the Zodiac in the Temple of Denderah in Egypt the figure of Virgo is annotated by a smaller figure of Isis with Horus in her arms; and the Roman Church fixed the celebration of Mary's assumption into the glory at the very date 15th August of the said constellation's disappearance from sight in the blaze of the solar rays, and her birth on the date 8th Sept. Jesus himself is purported to have been born like the other sungods, Baccus, Apollo, Osiris, on the 25th day of December, the day of the Sun's rebirth, i.

In the primitive vegetation-god sacrifice, the victim was, it is believed, originally the king, or head-man, of the tribe or clan. It was believed by ancient man that the prosperity of the tribe depended on the well-being of the ruler. If the king became old and feeble, it was considered a foregone conclusion that the nation or tribe would suffer a similar decline. So the king, who was usually regarded as a god in human form, was sacrificed, and replaced with a younger and more vigorous man.

After much passage of time, the son of the king was substituted in the sacrificial rite, and being also the offspring of divinity, he was properly called the son of the god. At a still later period, a condemned criminal was chosen in the place of the royal victim.

This culprit was given regal honors for a time, then put to death. He was generally slain while bound to a sacred tree, with arms outstretched in the form of a cross. After being entombed, he was believed to rise from the dead within three days; the three-day period representing the return of vegetation.

The question naturally arises: Why three days? The answer is, that the three-day period is based on the three-day interval between the Old and New Moons. According to the Chaldean historian Berosus, there was a religious festival celebrated annually in ancient Babylon, known as the Sacaea. The duration of the fete was five days, and for that length of time servants and masters exchanged places in society, the servants giving orders and the masters obeying them. The king temporarily abdicated the throne, and a mock-king called Zoganes reigned in his place.

But after the five days were over, the mock-king was dethroned and scourged, and then either hanged or crucified. An eminent Egyptologist has noted that: The victims of these human sacrifices were generally crucified, or else killed and then "hung on a tree," until the evening.

In this regard it is interesting to notice that in Acts the writer mistakenly speaks of Jesus as having been slain and then hanged on a tree, as though this were a common phrase coming readily to his mind; and the word "hanged" is frequently used in Greek to denote curcifixion. Robertson and L. Gordon Rylands are widely known. In his Evolution of Christianity, 8 Mr. Rylands contends that the name Jesus is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew Joshua.

Joshua, it seems, was an ancient Hebrew sun-god, who was demoted to the status of a man by the priests of the Yahweh cult. However, the worship of Joshua was continued in secret by his devotees, until the fall of Jerusalem.

After that event, secrecy was no longer necessary, so that the Joshua cult again came out into the open. The sacrificed Jesus, or Joshua, according to Robertson and Rylands, was not a historical personage, but a character in a mystery play.

Robertson, is that the central narrative of the gospel biography, the story of the Last Supper, The Agony, Betrayal, Trial, and Crucifixion, is neither a contemporary report nor a historical tradition, but the simple transcript of a Mystery-Drama.

McCabe holds that it is more reasonable to conclude from the available evidence that Jesus did actually live; that he was a man who was gradually turned into a god. Sir Arthur Weigall counters the mythicists with a very ingenious theory. According to Sir Arthur, when Jesus was crucified he did not die, but only swooned; and that afterwards he was revived by his friends and spirited away. The Matthew narrator tells us that the chief priests and Pharisees requested Pilate to station a guard of Roman soldiers at the tomb of Jesus: "Lest his disciples come by night and steal him away, and say unto the people, he is risen from the dead.

Weigall suggests that Jesus was taken out of the tomb on the first night; so that the soldiers stood watch over an empty sepulchre. Since the report was abroad that Jesus had died on the cross, accounts of subsequent appearances must have convinced many persons that he had risen from the dead. The myths and legends concerning such pagan christs as Osiris, Horus, Adonis, Krishna, etc.

The famous dramatist, George Moore, in his play "The Apostle," also depicts Jesus as surviving the crucifixion.

Finally Paul meets Jesus in a monastery, whence Jesus had fled into exile. When Paul discovered that Jesus had not died on the cross, and as a result had not risen from the dead, he became furious, and in a fit of temper, slew Jesus. This is a symbolic way of showing that historic Christianity is based on the teachings of St. Paul rather than on those of Jesus; that the influence of Paul triumphed over that of Jesus in the early church.

Whether Jesus lived or not, we may conclude with certainty that Christianity is of pagan origin. December the twenty-fifth is celebrated as the birthday of Jesus Christ. This date is an approximation of the Winter Solstice, and the birthday of several pagan sun-gods.

Its pagan derivation is beyond all dispute. In time, however, the Christians of Egypt came to regard the sixth of January as the date of the Nativity, and the custom of commemorating the birth of the Savior on that day gradually spread until by the fourth century it was universally established in the East.

But at the end of the third or the beginning of the fourth century the Western Church, which had never recognized the sixth of January as the day of the Nativity, adopted the twenty-fifth of December as the true date, and in time its decision was accepted also by the Eastern Church. Says he: The reason why the fathers transferred the celebration of the sixth of January to the twenty-fifth of December was this.

It was a custom of the heathen to celebrate on the same twenty-fifth of December the birthday of the Sun, at which time they kindled lights in token of festivity. In these solemnities and festivities the Christians also took part. Accordingly when the doctors of the Church perceived that the Christians had a leaning to this festival, they took counsel and resolved that the true Nativity should be solemnized on that day and the festival of the Epiphany on the sixth of January.

Accordingly, along with this custom, the practice had prevailed of kindling fires till the sixth. Easter is likewise of heathen origin. It is an approximation of the Vernal Equinox. Easter falls on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the Vernal Equinox the twentyfirst of March , or as late as the twenty-fifth of April.

The very name of the festival betrays its pagan source, for Easter is a variant of Eostre or Ostara, the name of the Anglo-Saxon goddess of Spring. The Festival of Sr.

George takes place on April It is a Christian replica of the ancient Parilia, or Birthday of Rome. George was originally the Egyptian god, Horus, who slew the Egyptian devil, Set, in the form of a dragon. The Festival of All Souls is a Christian copy of the ancient Egyptian Feast of the Lamps, and as Arthur Weigall observes: Christians unconsciously perpetuate the worship of Osiris and the commemoration of all his subjects in the Kingdom of the Dead.

In ancient Egypt the Sun was worshipped as a god. Since there can be no life without sunlight, the Sun was recognized as the Creator of life, and since without adequate sunlight living things wither and die, the Sun was regarded as the Protector, or preserver of life. An excess of sunlight destroys life, so that the Sun was also known as the Destroyer of life.

Solar and stellar symbolism have profoundly affected the Christian religion. Taken literally the narrative does not make sense, but when we learn that the beasts are zodiacal constellations and the horsemen, planets, we get a much clearer perception of the matter. In Revelation , we read that: And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle.

These animals were the constellations that were situated at the four cardinal points of the Zodiac five thousand years ago. The reader will notice that in the Bible the Eagle has been substituted for the Scorpion. According to Sir Godfrey Higgins: The signs of the Zodiac, with the exception of the Scorpion, which was exchanged by Dan for the Eagle, were carried by the different tribes of the Israelites on their standards; and Taurus, Leo, Aquarius, and Scorpio of the Eagle, the four signs of Reuben, Judah, Ephraim, and Dan, were placed at the four cornersthe four cardinal pointsof their encampment, evidently in allusion to the cardinal points of the sphere, the equinoxes and solstices, 13 Now for the Horsemen and their steeds.

The first horseman is a conqueror, armed with a bow and wearing a crown, and riding a white horse. This is the planet Venus. The second horse is red, and on it is a warrior with a sword. The read planet is of course mars, worshipped by the ancients as the god of war. The third horse is black the planet Saturn , and his rider holds a pair of balances aloft. The balances may be emblematic of the zodiacal constellation Libra, for the sun was in that constellation when day and night were equal, just as though weighed on a pair of scale pans.

The fourth horse is of a pale complexion pale green or blue-green, the color of the planet Mercury , and astride him sits Death. The ancient Babylonians built their temples in seven stages, each of a different color, representing the sun, the moon, and the five planets visible to the naked eye.

The colors of the four horses point to their origin in the astrological lore of Babylonia. The sacred monogram Chi-Rho, so called because composed of the Greek letters chi and rho , is of Egyptian origin. The letters IHS constitute another sacred monogram of Christ. These letters were also the sacred symbol of the Greek sun-god Baccus, or Dionysus. The Christians adopted them as they did many other symbols from the pagans. These letters form the root of the name Jesus.

Many incidents of the Gospel stories can be explained only as myths. We read of Satan leading Jesus to the mountain top. The devil has been represented in Jewish and Christian folklore and art in the form of a goat.

Christianity Before Christ

We see Satan in Medieval paintings with the hooves, horns, and tail of a goat. The Greek god Pan was part goat, and is represented as leading Zeus to the mountain top. In ancient Babylon the goat was the emblem of the zodiacal constellation Capricorn. The sun reached the lowest point in the celestial sphere in this constellation, after which it began to climb toward the highest point. So the goatgod is imagined to lead the sun-god toward the highest point, figuratively called the mountain top.

In Greek mythology we read of the savior Dionysus riding upon two asses, which afterwards he had changed into celestial constellations. Jesus is pictured as riding into Jerusalem upon the two asses, i. The signs and constellations of the Zodiac have been referred to several times in this essay, so it is advisable that we consider their origin and meaning.

The Zodiac is an imaginary band encircling the celestial sphere. It stretches eight degrees on each side of the Ecliptic, the apparent path of the sun. The Zodiac is divided into twelve equal sections, each corresponding to one month. Due to the annual revolution of the earth, the sun appears to make one complete circuit through the Zodiac in one year, staying in each sign one month.

The signs of the Zodiac and the constellations of the Zodiac were originally the same, but due to the precession of the equinoxes, each sign moves westward into the next constellation in about years. A sign therefore makes a complete circuit of the heavens in about 26, years. We are told by Professor Harding, the noted astronomer and mathematician, that the signs and constellations of the Zodiac coincided about B.

Since they were widely known thousands of years before B.

The following speculations on the origin of the names of the constellations are about as accurate as any list which might be complied, the majority of students of the subject being in general agreement upon them.

The constellations of the Lamb, the Bull, and the Twins, were star groups through which the sun passed in the spring, in which time of he year occurred the seasons of sheep-raising, ploughing, and goat-breeding.

The Twins were originally the two-kids, since the young of goats are frequently born two at a time. The Crab was so called because the sun reached its most northern point in that constellation, and then returned toward the south, figuratively moving backward like a crab.

The Lion is the star group through which the sun moved in July, when its heat was most powerful, being compared with the most ferocious of the beasts. The Virgin is an emblem of he harvest season, when the young girls were sent out to glean in the fields.

The Balance is the constellation in which the sun moved when day and night were equal in length, just as if they were weighed in a balance. The stars of the Scorpio were hidden by the sun during the season of unhealthy weather and of plagues, which were imagined to strike like a scorpion. Stars called the Archer reigned over the hunting season, when the hunter shot game with the bow and arrow.

In the Goat the sun reached the lowest point in its course, after which it began to climb toward the north again, just as the wild goat climbs toward the summit of the hill.

The Water-Carrier marked the position of the solar orb during the rainy season. The stars of the Fishes constituted that group through which the sun passed when the fishing season was at its height. Many learned Christian scholars do not believe that Jesus had any idea of starting a new religion or of establishing a church. They believe that the real founder of institutional Christianity was St. Yet we read of Jesus referring to Peter as the rock upon which the church is to be built.

Peter is also popularly represented as the gate-keeper of heaven. The name Peter comes from the Greek word Petra, which means "Rock. That is, he may have been named Simon, and was called the Rock because of some trait of character, just as General Stonewall Jackson was so called because he stood up against the enemy like a stone wall.

It is interesting to note that there was a popular Semitic god named Simon, and that the Egyptian god, Petra, was represented as being the door-keeper of heaven, the earth and the underworld. In the Gospel of St. John, Jesus is presented in the office of the Judge of the Dead: "For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgement unto the Son. Osiris enacted this role in the Egyptian religion.

He is shown on the monuments occupying the judgement seat, and holding the staff of authority and the crux ansata; and on his breast is a St.

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Andrew's cross. His throne is designed like a chessboard, the two colors representing the good and evil which come before him for judgment. The trial of the soul before Osiris in the Hall of Judgement is described in detail in the Book of the Dead. As the stories of slain and risen gods are traced backward into the dim and distant past, we finally come to Africa. One of the oldest religious celebrations of the ancient Egyptians was the Sed Festival.

Sir Flinders Petrie explains it as follows: A special festival of the identity of the king with Osiris seems to have been celebrated every thirty years, and a greater festival of the same nature every one-hundred and twenty years.

These periods are the lapse of a week and a month in the shifting calendar. Then you might go to the Greek temple, and find them paying respect to the figure of their saviour-god in a manger or cradle. And if you found the quarters of the gladiators, the war-captives from Germany, you would have found these also holding a feast, and they would explain that December twenty-fifth or mid-winter was, all over Europe, the great feast of Yule, or the Wheel, which means that the sun had turned back, llike a wheel, and was going once more to redeem men from the hell of winter to the heaven of summer.

Flavius Josephus ca A. William Whiston Philadelphia: Jas. Cornelius Tacitus ca 56ca , Roman historians Annals, trans. Eusebius ca ca , theologian and church historian, bishop of Caesarea, Eccliesiastical History, trans. Suetonius Tranquillus ca A. Photius ca , patriarch of Constantinople and , Codices.

Mark Luke Matthew This is clearly shown by Gerald Massey: The Christian dispensation is believed to have been ushered in by the birth of a child, and the portrait of that child in the Roman Catacombs as the child of Mary is the youthful Sun-God in the Mummy Image of the childking, the Egyptian Karast, or Christ.

The alleged facts of our Lord's life as Jesus the Christ, were equally the alleged facts of our Lord's life as the Horus of Egypt, whose very name signifies the Lord.

His Sufferings, Death, and Resurrection were celebrated in an annual mystery-play at Abydos, on about March 25, an approximation of the Vernal Equinox, i. His birth is pictured on the inner walls of the Temple of Amen in Thebes. Another great pagan christ was Krishna3 of India. In the sacred books of India it is recorded that Krishna was born of the virgin Devaki, that his nativity was heralded by a star, and that though of royal lineage, he was born in a cave.

According to the apocryphal gospel of Protevagelion,4 a work attributed to James, the brother of Jesus, the Christian savior was born in a cave. At the time of Krishna's birth, the cave was mysteriously illuminated.

At the birth of Jesus, "there was a great light in the cave, so that the eyes of Joseph and the Midwife could not bear it. Krishna was born while his foster-father Nanda was in the city to pay his tax to the king.

Jesus was born while his foster-father Joseph was in the city to pay his tax to the govenor. The infant Jesus was adored by shepherds. King Kansa sought the life of the Indian Christ by ordering the massacre of all male children born during the same night as was Krishna.

This is almost identical with the story of the slaughter of the innocents, ordered by Herod. Joseph was warned by a voice in a dream to flee into Egypt with the Christ-child to escape the wrath of Herod. Krishna performed many miracles in the city of Mathura. Jesus, while in Egypt, lived in a town named Matarea, where he performed many miracles. Krishna was a crucified christ. He is pictured in Indian art as hanging on a cross with arms extended.

Thomas Inman, a celebrated authority on pagan and Christian symbolism, states that: "Christna, whose history so closely resembles our Lord's, was also like him in his being crucified. Jesus was pierced by a spear during his crucifixion. The light of the sun was blotted out at noon on the day of Krishna's death. The sun was darkened from the sixth to the ninth hour on the day of the crucifixion of Christ.

Krishna descended into hell to raise the dead before returning to the abode of the gods. We read of Jesus Christ that: "He descended into hell, and on the third day rose again from the dead. A similar story is related of Jesus Christ. In Indian art Krishna literally means "The Black.

Sir Godfrey Higgins made a thorough investigation of the pictures and images of Black Infants and Madonnas in the cathedrals of Europe. The infant God in the arms of his black mother, his eyes and drapery white, is himself perfectly black.

If the reader doubt my word, he may go to the cathedral at Moulinsto the famous chapel of the Virgin at Lorettoto the church of the Annunciatathe church of St. Lazaro, or the church of St. Stephen at Genoato St. Theodore, at Munich, in the two last of which the whiteness of the eyes and teeth, and the studied redness of the lips, are very observable;to a church and to the cathedral at Augsburg, where are a black virgin and child as large as life: to Rome, and the Borghese chapel Maria Maggioreto the Pantheonto a small chapel of St.

Very often the black figures have given way to white ones, and in these cases the black ones, as being held sacred, were put into retired places in the churches, but were not destroyed, and are yet to be found there. When the circumstance has been named to the Romish priests, they have endeavored to disguise the fact, by pretending that the child had become black by the smoke of the candles; but it was black where the smoke of the candle never came: and, besides, how came the candles not to blacken the white of the eyes, the teeth, and the shirt, and how came they to redden the lips?

Their real blackness in not to be questioned for a moment. A black virgin and child among the white Germans, Swiss, French and Italians!!! Krishna was the human incarnation of Vishnu.

Jesus Christ is considered to be the second person in the Christian Trinity. The close parallels between the life-stories of Buddha and Christ are just as remarkable as those between Krishna and Christ.

Buddha11 was born of a virgin name Maya, or Mary. His birthday was celebrated on December He was visited by wise men who acknowledged his divinity. The life of Buddha was sought by King Bimbasara, who feared that some day the child would endanger his throne. At the age of twelve, Buddha excelled the learned men of the temple in knowledge and wisdom.

His ancestry was traced back to Maha Sammata, the first monarch in the world. Jesus' ancestry is traced back to Adam, the first man in the world. Buddha was transfigured on a mountain top. His form was illumined by as aura of bright light.

Jesus was likewise transfigured on a mountain top. Mithra,13 a Persian sun-god, was virgin-born, in a cave, on December His earliest worshippers were shepherds, and he was accompanied in his travels by twelve companions. The Mithraists kept the sabbath day holy and celebrated the Eucharist by eating wafers embellished with a cross. Adonis14 or Tammuz of Babylonia was also born of a virgin. He died a cruel death, descended into hell, arose from the tomb and ascended to heaven.

In a mid-summer festival, the worshippers of Adonis wept over an effigy of the dead god which was washed with water, anointed day the Resurrection was re-enacted, after which the crowd shouted: "The Lord is Risen. Attis15 of Phrygia was called the Good Shepherd, and was said to be the son of the virgin Nana.

Christianity Before Christ: A Classic Lecture from John G. Jackson

It is reported that Attis, when in his prime, mutilated himself and bled to death under a sacred pine tree. A pine tree was cut on March 22, and an image of the god was tied to the trunk. He was shown as "slain and hanged on a tree.

On the night of March 24, the priests opened the tomb and found it empty. The Resurrection of Attis was celebrated on March His followers were baptized in blood, thereby having their sins washed away, and they were therefore declared to have been "born again. Quetzalcoatl17 was born of a virgin, and also, like Jesus, was tempted and fasted for forty days.

He is shown in the Borgian Ms. He is depicted as a man of sable hue. After being crucified, he rose from the dead and went into the East.

The Mexicans were expecting his Second Coming when the Spaniards invaded the country in the sixteenth century. Footnotes 1. Martin, ; and T. Doane's Bible Myths. Osiris was the great Egyptian god of the underworld and the judge of the dead. Krishna was the eighth avatar incarnation of Vishnu and one of the most widely worshipped of the Hindu gods. Luke , 5 7. According to Matthew Thomas Inman, M.

Doane in Bible Myths, p. Nicodemus in The Apocryphal New Testament. Higgins, Anacalypsos, vol. Buddha is said to have been a mortal sage, whose name was Siddhartha Gautama B.

He was surnamed Buddha, "the awakened enlightned. Mithra was a fifth century B. Persian god of light, who aided in the struggle with the powers of darkness. Adonis, a classical Greek mythology, a youth of remarkable beauty, a favourite of the goddess Aphrodite, symbolizing the cycle of growing seasons. Attis Atys , a deity worshipped in Phrygia, and later throughout the Roman empire, in conjunction with the Great Mother of the Gods.

New Testament:Acts Quetzalcoatl Feathered Serpent , a great Toltec deity, a god of the air, and in legend a saintly ruler and civilizer. Jackson Originally published in Part Four: Sources of the Christ Myth There are two principal types of savior-gods recognized by hierologists, namely: vegetation-gods and sun-gods. David Forsyth: Many gods besides Christ have been supposed to die, be resurrected and ascend to heaven. This idea has now been traced back to its origin among primitive people in the annual death and resurrection of crops and plant life generally.

This explains the world-wide prevalence of the notion. Among still more primitive tribes, as Grant Allen showed, it is not yet understood that sown corn sprouts because of the spring sunshine, and they attribute the result to divine agency. To this end they are accustomed at seed time to kill their tribal godeither in human or animal formand scatter the flesh and the blood over the sown fields. They believe that the seeds will not grow unless the god is sacrificed and added to them in this manner.

When, therefore, the crops appears, they never doubt that it is their god coming to life again. It is from this erroneous belief of primitive tribes that Christianity today derives its belief in Christ's Death and Resurrection. The Sun, at the moment of passing the equinoctial point, stood three thousand years ago in the Zodiacal constellation of the Ram, or he-lamb.

The Lamb, therefore, became the symbol of the young triumphant god. At an earlier date owing to the precession of the equinoxesthe Sun at the spring passage stood in the constellation of the Bull; so, in the older worships of Egypt, and of Persia and of India, it was the Bull that was sacred and the symbol of god. In the representation of the Zodiac in the Temple of Denderah in Egypt the figure of Virgo is annotated by a smaller figure of Isis with Horus in her arms; and the Roman Church fixed the celebration of Mary's assumption into the glory at the very date 15th August of the said constellation's disappearance from sight in the blaze of the solar rays, and her birth on the date 8th Sept.

Jesus himself is purported to have been born like the other sungods, Baccus, Apollo, Osiris, on the 25th day of December, the day of the Sun's rebirth, i. In the primitive vegetation-god sacrifice, the victim was, it is believed, originally the king, or head-man, of the tribe or clan. It was believed by ancient man that the prosperity of the tribe depended on the well-being of the ruler. If the king became old and feeble, it was considered a foregone conclusion that the nation or tribe would suffer a similar decline.

So the king, who was usually regarded as a god in human form, was sacrificed, and replaced with a younger and more vigorous man. After much passage of time, the son of the king was substituted in the sacrificial rite, and being also the offspring of divinity, he was properly called the son of the god. At a still later period, a condemned criminal was chosen in the place of the royal victim.

This culprit was given regal honors for a time, then put to death. He was generally slain while bound to a sacred tree, with arms outstretched in the form of a cross.

After being entombed, he was believed to rise from the dead within three days; the three-day period representing the return of vegetation. The question naturally arises: Why three days? The answer is, that the three-day period is based on the three-day interval between the Old and New Moons.

According to the Chaldean historian Berosus, there was a religious festival celebrated annually in ancient Babylon, known as the Sacaea.

The duration of the fete was five days, and for that length of time servants and masters exchanged places in society, the servants giving orders and the masters obeying them. The king temporarily abdicated the throne, and a mock-king called Zoganes reigned in his place. But after the five days were over, the mock-king was dethroned and scourged, and then either hanged or crucified. An eminent Egyptologist has noted that: The victims of these human sacrifices were generally crucified, or else killed and then "hung on a tree," until the evening.

In this regard it is interesting to notice that in Acts the writer mistakenly speaks of Jesus as having been slain and then hanged on a tree, as though this were a common phrase coming readily to his mind; and the word "hanged" is frequently used in Greek to denote curcifixion. Robertson and L. Gordon Rylands are widely known. In his Evolution of Christianity, 8 Mr.

Rylands contends that the name Jesus is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew Joshua. Joshua, it seems, was an ancient Hebrew sun-god, who was demoted to the status of a man by the priests of the Yahweh cult.

However, the worship of Joshua was continued in secret by his devotees, until the fall of Jerusalem. After that event, secrecy was no longer necessary, so that the Joshua cult again came out into the open.

The sacrificed Jesus, or Joshua, according to Robertson and Rylands, was not a historical personage, but a character in a mystery play. Robertson, is that the central narrative of the gospel biography, the story of the Last Supper, The Agony, Betrayal, Trial, and Crucifixion, is neither a contemporary report nor a historical tradition, but the simple transcript of a Mystery-Drama.

McCabe holds that it is more reasonable to conclude from the available evidence that Jesus did actually live; that he was a man who was gradually turned into a god. Sir Arthur Weigall counters the mythicists with a very ingenious theory. According to Sir Arthur, when Jesus was crucified he did not die, but only swooned; and that afterwards he was revived by his friends and spirited away.

The Matthew narrator tells us that the chief priests and Pharisees requested Pilate to station a guard of Roman soldiers at the tomb of Jesus: "Lest his disciples come by night and steal him away, and say unto the people, he is risen from the dead.

Weigall suggests that Jesus was taken out of the tomb on the first night; so that the soldiers stood watch over an empty sepulchre. Since the report was abroad that Jesus had died on the cross, accounts of subsequent appearances must have convinced many persons that he had risen from the dead.

The myths and legends concerning such pagan christs as Osiris, Horus, Adonis, Krishna, etc. The famous dramatist, George Moore, in his play "The Apostle," also depicts Jesus as surviving the crucifixion. Finally Paul meets Jesus in a monastery, whence Jesus had fled into exile. When Paul discovered that Jesus had not died on the cross, and as a result had not risen from the dead, he became furious, and in a fit of temper, slew Jesus.

This is a symbolic way of showing that historic Christianity is based on the teachings of St.

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Paul rather than on those of Jesus; that the influence of Paul triumphed over that of Jesus in the early church.

Whether Jesus lived or not, we may conclude with certainty that Christianity is of pagan origin. December the twenty-fifth is celebrated as the birthday of Jesus Christ. This date is an approximation of the Winter Solstice, and the birthday of several pagan sun-gods. Its pagan derivation is beyond all dispute.

Christianity Before Christ

In time, however, the Christians of Egypt came to regard the sixth of January as the date of the Nativity, and the custom of commemorating the birth of the Savior on that day gradually spread until by the fourth century it was universally established in the East.

But at the end of the third or the beginning of the fourth century the Western Church, which had never recognized the sixth of January as the day of the Nativity, adopted the twenty-fifth of December as the true date, and in time its decision was accepted also by the Eastern Church.

Says he: The reason why the fathers transferred the celebration of the sixth of January to the twenty-fifth of December was this. It was a custom of the heathen to celebrate on the same twenty-fifth of December the birthday of the Sun, at which time they kindled lights in token of festivity. In these solemnities and festivities the Christians also took part.

Accordingly when the doctors of the Church perceived that the Christians had a leaning to this festival, they took counsel and resolved that the true Nativity should be solemnized on that day and the festival of the Epiphany on the sixth of January. Accordingly, along with this custom, the practice had prevailed of kindling fires till the sixth. Easter is likewise of heathen origin. It is an approximation of the Vernal Equinox.

Easter falls on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the Vernal Equinox the twentyfirst of March , or as late as the twenty-fifth of April. The very name of the festival betrays its pagan source, for Easter is a variant of Eostre or Ostara, the name of the Anglo-Saxon goddess of Spring.

The Festival of Sr. George takes place on April It is a Christian replica of the ancient Parilia, or Birthday of Rome. George was originally the Egyptian god, Horus, who slew the Egyptian devil, Set, in the form of a dragon. The Festival of All Souls is a Christian copy of the ancient Egyptian Feast of the Lamps, and as Arthur Weigall observes: Christians unconsciously perpetuate the worship of Osiris and the commemoration of all his subjects in the Kingdom of the Dead. In ancient Egypt the Sun was worshipped as a god.

Since there can be no life without sunlight, the Sun was recognized as the Creator of life, and since without adequate sunlight living things wither and die, the Sun was regarded as the Protector, or preserver of life.

An excess of sunlight destroys life, so that the Sun was also known as the Destroyer of life. Solar and stellar symbolism have profoundly affected the Christian religion. Taken literally the narrative does not make sense, but when we learn that the beasts are zodiacal constellations and the horsemen, planets, we get a much clearer perception of the matter. In Revelation , we read that: And the first beast was like a lion, and the second beast like a calf, and the third beast had a face as a man, and the fourth beast was like a flying eagle.

These animals were the constellations that were situated at the four cardinal points of the Zodiac five thousand years ago. The reader will notice that in the Bible the Eagle has been substituted for the Scorpion.

According to Sir Godfrey Higgins: The signs of the Zodiac, with the exception of the Scorpion, which was exchanged by Dan for the Eagle, were carried by the different tribes of the Israelites on their standards; and Taurus, Leo, Aquarius, and Scorpio of the Eagle, the four signs of Reuben, Judah, Ephraim, and Dan, were placed at the four cornersthe four cardinal pointsof their encampment, evidently in allusion to the cardinal points of the sphere, the equinoxes and solstices, 13 Now for the Horsemen and their steeds.

The first horseman is a conqueror, armed with a bow and wearing a crown, and riding a white horse. This is the planet Venus. The second horse is red, and on it is a warrior with a sword. The read planet is of course mars, worshipped by the ancients as the god of war.

The third horse is black the planet Saturn , and his rider holds a pair of balances aloft. The balances may be emblematic of the zodiacal constellation Libra, for the sun was in that constellation when day and night were equal, just as though weighed on a pair of scale pans.

The fourth horse is of a pale complexion pale green or blue-green, the color of the planet Mercury , and astride him sits Death. The ancient Babylonians built their temples in seven stages, each of a different color, representing the sun, the moon, and the five planets visible to the naked eye. The colors of the four horses point to their origin in the astrological lore of Babylonia. The sacred monogram Chi-Rho, so called because composed of the Greek letters chi and rho , is of Egyptian origin.

The letters IHS constitute another sacred monogram of Christ. These letters were also the sacred symbol of the Greek sun-god Baccus, or Dionysus. The Christians adopted them as they did many other symbols from the pagans. These letters form the root of the name Jesus.

Many incidents of the Gospel stories can be explained only as myths. We read of Satan leading Jesus to the mountain top. The devil has been represented in Jewish and Christian folklore and art in the form of a goat. We see Satan in Medieval paintings with the hooves, horns, and tail of a goat.

The Greek god Pan was part goat, and is represented as leading Zeus to the mountain top. In ancient Babylon the goat was the emblem of the zodiacal constellation Capricorn. The sun reached the lowest point in the celestial sphere in this constellation, after which it began to climb toward the highest point. So the goatgod is imagined to lead the sun-god toward the highest point, figuratively called the mountain top. In Greek mythology we read of the savior Dionysus riding upon two asses, which afterwards he had changed into celestial constellations.

Jesus is pictured as riding into Jerusalem upon the two asses, i.It gives you the knowledge you need to investigate further into the pagan influences on Christianity. This explains the world-wide prevalence of the notion. The Christian dispensation is believed to have been ushered in by the birth of a child, and the portrait of that child in the Roman Catacombs as the child of Mary is the youthful Sun-God in the Mummy Image of the childking, the Egyptian Karast, or Christ.

In Greek mythology we read of the savior Dionysus riding upon two asses, which afterwards he had changed into celestial constellations. The question naturally arises: Why three days?

CHANCE from North Carolina
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