DIGITAL DRAWING FOR LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PDF
Exporting the CAD Linework as a PDF 57 .. Digital Drawing for Landscape Architecture is a book about the moment, bridging analog and. There Is No Preview Available For This Item. This item does not appear to have any files that can be experienced on instruktsiya.info Download the Book:Digital Drawing For Landscape Architecture: Contemporary Techniques And Tools For Digital Representation In Site Design PDF For Free.
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Digital Drawing For Landscape Architecture Pdf Free Download. Combine traditional techniques with modern media for morecommunicative renderings Digital Drawing for Landscape Architecture: ContemporaryTechniques. Digital Drawing for Landscape Architecture won the “Award of Excellence” from the Professional Awards and Student Awards by the American Society of.
Executive Summary: Executive summary of the project including the location, area, construction cost and project intent.
Site Plan: Include an illustrated site plan to give the jurors context of the entire project with its immediate surroundings. Concept drawings: Include schematic, conceptual, artist impressions or sketch drawings illustrating the thought process undertaken to arrive at the final design concept.
Brief captions must accompany each drawing.
Electronic boards To facilitate the printing of A1 boards for the exhibition at Awards Ceremony, participants are required to compose and include two 2 layout boards. Each board should be in original A1 size, in landscape format and in high resolution of dpi. Each board should sufficiently illustrate the process from design conceptualisation to implementation.
It should also include the following: 1. Design intention of no more than words 2. Any diagrams, schematic drawings, mapping, images etc. Photos of the completed project. Limited to no more five 5. Quality of presentation refers to the graphical quality, layout, informative structure of the presentation, the clarity of descriptive summary, the clear transition between concept to implementation and the strength of narrative.
This conveys the usability of space, and how people react to their surroundings Jury Decision The decision of the Jury is final and shall not be negotiated, contested, reviewed, challenged or appealed against by any party though any means or process whatsoever. Best Practice in Detailing. Lectures on Landscape by John Ruskin. Residential Landscape Architecture by N.
Booth and J. Sustainable Landscape Design in Arid Climates. Royal Palaces and Parks of France by M. Design for Outdoor Recreation by Simon Bell. Except in regions of drought, lower ground and especially valley bottoms below vegetated uplands can be expected to have deeper, moister, richer soils for crops and gardens.
Here basements or deeper foundations may be required to reach bearing, but the digging is easy. Dibblee, Geological Foundation Volcano. This waste matter becomes food for legions of saprophytes, literally decay eaters. These decomposers, which outnumber species of all other kinds, include beetles, fungi, nematodes, and bacteria. Through their complementary metabolic pathways, they return both essential nutrients and trace minerals to active circulation.
Sim Van der Ryn Stuart Cowan The level site, as on the plain, suggests an expanded building plan form, with wings to catch and check the breeze and courts to protect from the wind and drift. The study of geology also makes one extremely conscious of the deep-lying and shifting tectonic plates, the fault lines, volcanic cores, and the potential hazards of tornados and flooding. On a more modest scale it teaches of the various soil types and their qualities such as erosion resistance, fertility, and structural bearing.
They are better reserved for welcome open spaceleft natural or with limited use, as for game lands or recreation. In storm-prone areas, early detection and monitoring techniques provide for early evacuation, saving thousands of lives and untold destruction.
John M. Hydrology Hydrology relates to land and resource planning in the form of water management. Those with an understanding of topography have learned to develop land use patterns in which extensive drainage inlets and deep sewer mains are not needed. Instead, surface drainage is conducted by swales to retention ponds or natural streams. Wastewater also flows by gravity in shallow laterals to outfall mains which follow the slope of the land.
Water management has become increasingly important in regional planning since potable water shortage has become common. Irrigation and the transmission to urban centers have drained once-abundant rivers and watersheds. Population growth along both coasts has drawn down well fields to the point where saltwater intrusion is serious. This problem can no longer be overlooked. Nor can the large sweeps of lawn irrigated with freshwater be allowed. Irrigation of lawns and croplands will soon be treated by wastewater.
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With dual potable and treated wastewater systems, our freshwater reserves can be replenished. The Human Habitat 11 Biology With biology being the study of all forms of life and their interaction, one would believe it to be central in all planning considerations. It is not. Usually, more attention is paid to appearances than to people. It is the biology-conscious designer or team member who tests each proposal against the experience of the userswho brings the project to life.
Botany A first-year botanist has learned the value of vegetation. In the immense cloud of carbon dioxide or exhaust fumes that surround planet Earth it is only by the transpiration of vegetation that the essential oxygen of the fresh air we breathe is produced. Moreover, it is the earths vegetation that catches, transpires, and transmits to the aquifers the water on which all life depends.
If that werent enough, it is from the worldwide store of vegetation that we gather an astounding variety of foods, fibers, and timber. This knowledge should make conservationists of us all.
It may in time. Meanwhile, in most unmindful construction a first thought is to clear the land. In comprehensive land planning the botanist will be quick to point out the areas of natural cover that should be preserved.
In the landscape planning process a botany doctorate is not needed, except in special cases.
It is enough to know the local plants, their characteristics, and the conditions of growth under which they thrive. When existing plants are left undisturbed they need little care. Exotic ornamentals, needing more attention, are to be used sparingly.
Ecology Ecology is a relatively new science concerned with the relationship of living things and their environment. It has much to tell us in the planning of favorable growth and land use patterns and the elimination of urban sprawl.
Other A generalized knowledge of the natural sciences is the mark of a wellschooled landscape architect. No other profession is trained in this vital aspect of comprehensive land use planning. The Ecological Basis From the time of Earths beginnings there has evolved an interacting, counterbalancing framework for all life. Biosphere In Spenglers most moving passage, where he identifies the landscape as the base of the culture, he says that.
Digital Drawing for Landscape Architecture
Stanley White The biosphere of the planet Earth is divided into several major habitats: the aquatic, the terrestrial, the subterranean, and the aerial. Natural systems supply, transport, treat, and store water; modify the climate, oxygenate and purify the air; produce food; treat or assimilate waste; build land; maintain beaches; and provide protection from hurricanes. If essential components are destroyed, or if the system as a whole is overstressed, the process will break down and the system will fail.
Albert R. Veri et al. This life matrix, or biosphere, born of earth, air, fire, and water, constitutes the whole of our living environment. It is as vast as the space between the basalt floor of the deepest ocean bed and the highest rarefied reaches of the outer ionosphere.
It is as awesome as the towering thunderheads, the roaring hurricane, and the crashing surf. It is as tough as the granite hulk of a mountain. It is as fragile as frost at dawn.
The biosphere is home as well to all members of the human race. As yet, we have no other. Interdependence We are just beginning to learn the extent to which all organisms are interrelated and interdependent and the sometimes critical effects of almost imperceptible changes in the temperature, chemistry, moisture content, soil structure, air movements, and water currents on our habitat.
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The slightest change in the delicate web of life may have repercussions throughout the whole of a natural system such as that of a marsh, pond, watershed, or receiving ocean basin. As living, breathing human beings, inextricably related to all other organisms and creatures, we are utterly dependent upon the life-giving 2 Ernest Braun and David E. Cavagnaro, Living Water. The Human Habitat 13 There is a creature native to Kenya called the flattid bug, and I was introduced to it in Nairobi, some years ago, by the great Dr.
What Dr. Leakey introduced me to was a coral-coloured flower of a raceme sort, made up of many small blossoms like the aloe or hyacinth. Each blossom was of oblong shape, perhaps a centimetre long, which on close inspection turned out to be the wing of an insect. The colony clinging to a dead twig comprised the whole of a flower so real in its seeming that one could only expect from it the scent of spring.
The coral flower that the flattid bug imitates does not exist in nature. The flattid bug has created the form. I looked closely. At the tip of the insect flower was a single green bud. Behind it were a half dozen partially matured blossoms showing only strains of coral. Behind these on the twig crouched the full strength of flattid bug society, all with wings of purest coral to complete the colonys creation and deceive the eyes of the hungriest of birds.
Leakey shook the slick. The startled colony rose from its twig and filled the air with fluttering flattid bugs. They seemed no different in flight than any other swarm of moths that one encounters in the African bush.
Then they returned to their twig. They alighted in no particular order and for an instant the twig was alive with the little creatures climbing over each others shoulders in what seemed to be random movement. But the movement was not random. Shortly the twig was still and one beheld again the flower. The green leader had resumed his bud-like position with his varicoloured companions just behind. The fullblown rankand-file had resumed its accustomed places.
A lovely coral flower that does not exist in nature had been created before my eyes. Robert Ardrey All forms of life are interdependent with the environment. Should their life-support functions be diminished or disrupted to the point that they fail, we would then cease to exist. Only very recently, in the face of burgeoning population growth, rising indices of pollution, and the rapid depletion of our land and water reserves, has such a catastrophe seemed a remote possibility.
Today, however, those scientists best able to assess trends and conditions have this very much on their minds. What does all this mean to the planner, the designer of communities, the highway engineer, or the builder of home and garden? Simply that the integrity of the natural or cultivated landscape and the quality of the water within it and the air above it are to be in all ways protected.
Land Natures ingenious process of pollination. As the honeybee lands and presses into the blossom after nectar, it triggers the flower stamen, forcing it down in an arc to make contact with and deposit on the bees body. Bee flower, mechanismwhat have we humans made to compare? These processes always result in functional forms. They follow the law of the shortest distance between points: cooling only occurs on surfaces exposed to cooling, pressure only on points of pressure, tension on lines of tension; motion creates for itself forms of movement for each energy there is a form of energy.
All technical forms can be deduced from forms in nature. The laws of least resistance and of economy of effort make it inevitable that similar activities shall always lead to similar forms.
So man can muster the powers of nature in another and quite different way from what he has done hitherto. If he but applied all the principles that the organism has adopted in its striving toward useful ends, he will find there enough employment for all his capital, strength and talent for centuries to come.
Every bush, every tree can instruct him, advise him, and show him inventions, apparatuses, technical appliances without number. Raoul France areas can no longer be treated as little more than pictorial stage sets of forest, billowing grass, limpid water, or lavender hills amid which constructions can be blithely aligned or indiscriminately plunked.
It is no longer acceptable that any land area be considered an isolated private domain, to be shaped at will to the hearts desire or carved up unfeelingly into cold geometric patterns.
No smallest parcel can any longer be considered apart from all other contiguous land and water areas. For it is now well recognized that each draws upon the other and in turn affects them. Ecologically, all land and water areas are interconnected and interrelated. Natural Systems It is fundamental to intelligent land and resource planning that the natural systems which protect our health and well-being be understood and sustained.
That those most sensitive and productive, together with natures superlatives, may be preserved in their natural condition; that protective support and buffer areas be conserved and devoted to limited and compatible uses; that the less critical areas selected for development be so planned as to do no significant harm to their environs; and that all land use plans be so conceived as to bring people into the best possible relationships with each other and with the living landscape. The occupied landscape may be richer by far in all the subtle amenities of the original land if only the designs we apply are.
Landscape character should be intensified, not obliterated; and the ultimate harmony should emerge as a blend in which the native quality of the region and the spot still prevails. These humanized landscapes are to us the most inviting and beloved, and we are pleased and inspired largely insofar as the whole structure and sentiment of the landscape can be preserved. There can be no deviation from the rule that the newly prepared landscape must be.
Yet it is our worldvast, imponderable, and wonderful to us, a world of marvelous order and boundless energy. It is illumined and warmed in rhythmic cycles by the heat of our sun, bathed in a swirling atmosphere of air and moisture. Its white-hot core is a seething mass of molten rock; its thin, cool crust, pocked and creased with hollows and ridged with hills, mountain ranges, and towering peaks. The greater part of its area is immersed in saltwater seas, which ebb and flow with heaving tides and are swept to their depths by immense and intricate patterns of current.
From the ice-sheathed poles to the blazing equator, the earthscape varies endlessly. Wandering over it for something close to a million years, the human Earth dwellers have learned first to survive and later to thrive through a process of adaptation.
This process, if wisely continued, should gain for us an ever-improving way of life. The study of the human-nature relationship is as old as humans themselves. In longrange perspective it is probably still a very young science, but, everything considered, it is the most basic science of all.
In our lifetime, we have for the first time scaled earths highest peak, plumbed its deepest ocean trench, and penetrated outer space. We are tempted to believe that we have conquered nature. There are those who hold that in the years ahead we will finally subject nature to our control. Let us not delude ourselves. Nature is not soon to be conquered by puny man. The Human Habitat 15 Conquer nature! How can we conquer nature? We areblood, bone, fiber, and soula very part of nature.
We are spawned of nature, rooted in nature, nourished by nature. Our every heartbeat, every neural impulse, and every thought wave, our every act and effort are governed by natures allpervading law. Conquer nature!
We are but fleeting traces of life in natures eternal process of evolving life and growth. It is far better that we turn again to natures way to search out and develop an order consonant with the universal systems, that our living may tap the vital nature forces, that our cultural development may have orientation, that our form building, form organizing, and form ordering may have meaning, that we may know again the rich, pulsing harmonies of life at one with nature.
For centuries European art has turned its back on the fundamental conception of nature in art, and Western man has imagined himself and nature as being in antithesis. In reality, his much-vaunted individuality is an illusion, and the truth which the Orient now reveals to him is that his identity is not separate from nature and his fellow-beings, but is at one with her and them.
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Christopher Tunnard The history of our progress on this earth is the history of an increasing understanding of natures vitalities and powers. The wisdom of the wisest among us is no more than a comprehension of the simplest natural principles. The knowledge of our most perceptive scientists is gained through a faint insight into the wonder of natural phenomena.
Our labored development is the development of those sciences that reveal to us a way of life more closely attuned to natures immutable way. They have learned that to do otherwise is to court inevitable disaster. Years ago the urge to wander to strange new lands led the coauthor to live for some months in lonely, exotic British North Borneo Sabah.
There he came to be profoundly impressed by the tremendous joy of the people in simply being aliveexultantly healthy and happy sons and daughters of nature. On the islands, all live not only close to nature but by nature.
Their whole life is guided day by day and hour by hour by the sun, the storms, the surf, the stars, the tides, the seasons. A full moon and an ebbing tide give promise of successful milkfish spearing on the shoal. The wheeling and screeching of the birds give warning of an approaching storm. In the quiet freshness of early morning, a hunter may draw his little daughter to his side and, crouching, point a long brown finger to the peak of Mount Kinabalu looming high above the palm fringe.
Tiba, little Tiba, he may caution.
Look now at the clouds on the mountaintop.Digital Drawing for Landscape Architecture. As we will discuss, this approach still encompasses the necessarily disciplinary content, however this alternative model no longer separates the rationale and the practical from the creative and the artistic.
Planning in all ages has been an attempt to improve the human condition. Looking about us with a critical eye, we find much to disturb and shock us.
For the moment, it seems, we have lost touch. The study of geology also makes one extremely conscious of the deep-lying and shifting tectonic plates, the fault lines, volcanic cores, and the potential hazards of tornados and flooding. M and Jane R.