Business Digital Electronics Book


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Digital electronics: principles, devices, and applications / Anil Kumar Maini Digi. in the available books on the subject of digital Digital Electronics: Principles. PDF | On Jan 1, , D.K. Kaushik and others published Digital Electronics. The book Digital Electronics contains twelve chapters with comprehensive. I will highly recommend you to buy the book Digital Electronics by Thomas -Floyd . It is very well written covering all different aspects needed for.

Digital Electronics Book

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Digital electronics is a very interesting subject, and here you will get a short description of top 6 books for digital electronics. these books are. Digital Electronics: Principles, Devices and Applications Anil K. Maini and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or. British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. Foundation of Digital Electronics and Logic.

With worked problems, examples, and review questions for each chapter, Digital Electronics includes: About the Author Anil K. He has worked on a wide range of electronics and optoelectronic laser systems. His areas of expertise include Optoelectronic sensor systems, Laser systems, Power electronics, Digital electronics and related technologies.

Permissions Request permission to reuse content from this site. Table of contents Preface. Review Questions. Further Reading. Reviews "It is easy to read, well structured, and will be a rich resource and valuable study companion for students of electrical and computer engineering. Extra Digital Electronics Visit the companion website to access the supplementary material.

A little basic knowledge in electronics is required to study this book. The book has a detailed explanation of the basics of digital electronics along with integrated circuits and its application principles. The book is preferred by engineering students studying electrical, electronics, and computer science. It is also a reference book for researchers and professionals. The solved objective type question and multiple choice questions at the end of each chapter is really helpful for exams.

The book covers latest application fields including digital instrumentation, programmable logic devices, microcontrollers, microprocessors, and digital troubleshooting.

1st Edition

Maini — USA. Maini — India.

Maini — UK. Tocci, Neal Widmer and Greg Moss. Astra Otopart Tbk. Divisi Adiwira Plastik Jl. Jakarta Bogor Km Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Digital Electronics by John Morris.

Digital Electronics Books

This makes the digital machine perform a "sequence" of operations. The simplest sequential system is probably a flip flop , a mechanism that represents a binary digit or " bit ". Sequential systems are often designed as state machines. In this way, engineers can design a system's gross behavior, and even test it in a simulation, without considering all the details of the logic functions. Sequential systems divide into two further subcategories.

Synchronous sequential systems are made of well-characterized asynchronous circuits such as flip-flops, that change only when the clock changes, and which have carefully designed timing margins. Synchronous systems[ edit ] A 4-bit ring counter using D-type flip flops is an example of synchronous logic. Each device is connected to the clock signal, and update together. Main article: synchronous logic The usual way to implement a synchronous sequential state machine is to divide it into a piece of combinational logic and a set of flip flops called a "state register.

The fastest rate of the clock is set by the most time-consuming logic calculation in the combinational logic. The state register is just a representation of a binary number.

If the states in the state machine are numbered easy to arrange , the logic function is some combinational logic that produces the number of the next state. Asynchronous systems[ edit ] As of , most digital logic is synchronous because it is easier to create and verify a synchronous design.

However, asynchronous logic is thought can be superior because its speed is not constrained by an arbitrary clock; instead, it runs at the maximum speed of its logic gates. Building an asynchronous system using faster parts makes the circuit faster. Nevertherless, most systems need circuits that allow external unsynchronized signals to enter synchronous logic circuits.

These are inherently asynchronous in their design and must be analyzed as such. Examples of widely used asynchronous circuits include synchronizer flip-flops, switch debouncers and arbiters.

Asynchronous logic components can be hard to design because all possible states, in all possible timings must be considered. The usual method is to construct a table of the minimum and maximum time that each such state can exist, and then adjust the circuit to minimize the number of such states. Then the designer must force the circuit to periodically wait for all of its parts to enter a compatible state this is called "self-resynchronization".

Without such careful design, it is easy to accidentally produce asynchronous logic that is "unstable," that is, real electronics will have unpredictable results because of the cumulative delays caused by small variations in the values of the electronic components.

Register transfer systems[ edit ] Example of a simple circuit with a toggling output. The inverter forms the combinational logic in this circuit, and the register holds the state. Many digital systems are data flow machines.

Digital Circuits

These are usually designed using synchronous register transfer logic , using hardware description languages such as VHDL or Verilog. In register transfer logic, binary numbers are stored in groups of flip flops called registers.

The outputs of each register are a bundle of wires called a " bus " that carries that number to other calculations. A calculation is simply a piece of combinational logic. Each calculation also has an output bus, and these may be connected to the inputs of several registers. Sometimes a register will have a multiplexer on its input, so that it can store a number from any one of several buses.

Alternatively, the outputs of several items may be connected to a bus through buffers that can turn off the output of all of the devices except one. A sequential state machine controls when each register accepts new data from its input. Asynchronous register-transfer systems such as computers have a general solution.

In the s, some researchers discovered that almost all synchronous register-transfer machines could be converted to asynchronous designs by using first-in-first-out synchronization logic.

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In this scheme, the digital machine is characterized as a set of data flows. In each step of the flow, an asynchronous "synchronization circuit" determines when the outputs of that step are valid, and presents a signal that says, "grab the data" to the stages that use that stage's inputs.

It turns out that just a few relatively simple synchronization circuits are needed. Intel DX2 microprocessor The most general-purpose register-transfer logic machine is a computer.

This is basically an automatic binary abacus.

The control unit of a computer is usually designed as a microprogram run by a microsequencer. A microprogram is much like a player-piano roll.

#1 Â Digital Electronics : An Introduction To Theory And Practice by William Gothmann H

Each table entry or "word" of the microprogram commands the state of every bit that controls the computer. The sequencer then counts, and the count addresses the memory or combinational logic machine that contains the microprogram.

The bits from the microprogram control the arithmetic logic unit , memory and other parts of the computer, including the microsequencer itself. A "specialized computer" is usually a conventional computer with special-purpose control logic or microprogram.Previous page.

Next page. Evans is a very skilled teacher and makes extensive use of diagrams and illustrations to bring the subject matter to life.

This causes quantization errors. Intel DX2 microprocessor The most general-purpose register-transfer logic machine is a computer.

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