ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION BOOK PDF
PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. Understanding and Teaching the Pronunciation of English ENGLISH FILE Pre-intermediate Teacher's Book. 'The Sound of English' is a fully interactive pdf with the following features: book joint loaf of beef bread poems wine shoes milk flowers lamb crisps. In this book we are concerned with differences in pronunciation. Some words are spoken differently by different speakers of English, for instance either, garage.
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American English and accent reduction. This book presents the 'big picture' of American English pronunciation as I see it. It is broad, but not deep. I look forward . for English. The book Cambridge pronunciation in use intermediate . to sentence. instruktsiya.info pdf. PDF | The Handbook of English Pronunciation is a collection of 28 chapters with A single book that tries to meet the needs of both groups is a.
The Pronunciation of English: A Course Book, 2nd edition
Unfortunately, such guesses are wrong most of the time. Nevertheless, these are all patterns that can be learned and you will do so in Part III of this book , because all the differ- ences are indicated in spelling in quite a regular way. In addition to the problems we have already mentioned, there is no indication of stress placement in English whatsoever.
In most lan- guages, stress placement is governed by relatively simple rules; in English, it is almost completely irregular apart from a few hard-to- follow patterns , and words can even change their meaning depend- ing on stress position. Also, pronunciation of vowels usually changes depending on whether they are stressed. In terms of vocabulary, English is like a patchwork.
As a res- ult, there are often different words to express the same idea. This process results in an amount of vocabulary that is somewhat larger than necessary.
This is not a bad thing per se; it adds some ex- pressive power to English and makes it a good starting point for learning other European languages. In combination with English pronunciation and spelling problems, this can, however, be a huge nuisance to learners, especially since English spelling of such words usually reflects the original spelling in the language of origin, not its contemporary English pronunciation.
Even though learning English in general requires a substantial amount of time and dedication, I believe that after you finish read- ing this book, you should be able to cope at least with all the prob- lems mentioned above.
I hope that you will also enjoy doing so. Even though there are rules and patterns for English pronunciation that can be learned this is what especially Part III of this book is about , there are many words whose pronunciation has to be learned by heart.
The words are ordered so that the most common words come first, the least common last. If you are interested in basic conventions used in the rest of this book, just read further.
If you already know some IPA, reading the book may actually be a good way to master it really well. In order to do so, you will have to remember just four IPA characters; the rest should be pronounced as you would intuitively pronounce it as an English word. It is a neutral sound, as if you were just releasing air through your vocal chords. The stressed part is bold if the word is monosyllabic, then it may be bold just to draw attention to the pronunciation.
If the American pronunciation differs from the British one, the one just explained is marked by the symbol UK or US after the given pronunciation.
If several variants are given but neither of the two symbols is present, then they are all in use both in British English as well as in American English.
However, this is how it is really pronounced. Anyway, if you learn a certain dialect, you should stick to the pronunciation used in that dialect.
I always resisted because my ideas on pronunciation and how to teach it are always evolving, thanks to what I learn from teaching. Im still not done learning. Hopefully Ill never be! But I started to see the importance of writing a book for organizing my thoughts on pronunciation, and setting up a structure for study. Many people find a video through search and dont have any idea how it fits into the bigger picture of American English and accent reduction.
This book presents the big picture of American English pronunciation as I see it. It is broad, but not deep. I look forward to completing other books, videos, and courses in the future that will go deep, that will elaborate upon the groundwork presented in this book.
Teaching and Researching the Pronunciation of English
As Ive been exploring pronunciation, one thing that initially surprised me was how much opinion comes into play. There are teachers I respect who have different ideas than I do about how something should be pronounced, and how it should be taught. There is no one right way to speak English, or to teach it to non-native speakers. Truly, this is Rachels English. This is my way of teaching how I talk, as clearly and methodically as possible. In school, I did not study how to teach English, or pronunciation, or any foreign language.
I did not study linguistics. I did not study how to teach anybody anything. As I became interested in how Americans speak, and how to teach that, while living in Germany, I came to realize that what I studied was actually very significant.
What I have developed in Rachels English and this book comes directly from those fields of study: from singing, increased body and voice awareness, connection to rhythm and melody, a keen ear and the ability to imitate. From applied mathematics and computer science: a linear and modular mind, able to break down my vocal awareness into small, teachable chunks.
Developing Rachels English, from the beginning, has been about experience and first-hand investigation more than book learning. This book is written only to support practical experience, perhaps in ways that are sometimes unconventional.
I hope something in it will help you communicate more effectively and confidently in English. What are the most important things about this book? Learning pronunciation concepts together. Most books and resources will teach sounds separate from 4 rhythm and intonation. But we never use sounds by themselves. They are always a part of words and sentences, where we cannot ignore rhythm and intonation. So when you learn a sound in this book, youll learn what it sounds like in stressed and unstressed syllables.
Youll always be addressing the overall character, no matter what detail youre learning. If your device does not display the photos well, consider using an alternative.
These photos will help you understand whats going on inside the mouth for the sounds of American English. Each photo shows: 1. The throat. It should stay open and relaxed most of the time, and the neck muscles too. The tongue. This amazing muscular structure can flip up, down, stick way outwe want this muscle to be relaxed so it can move easily.
The teeth. I draw in the top and bottom front teeth, and the top teeth on the far side of the face.
The hard and soft palate. The hard palate, or roof of the mouth, is in the front half of the mouth, and the soft palate is back towards the throat. The soft palate closes by lifting for all sounds in American English except for three consonant sounds: N [n], M [m], and NG .
This is means American English has no nasal vowels. These are the symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet. It is very important to know from the beginning that English is not a phonetic language. This means there is not a direct relationship between the letters and the sounds. You cant look at a word and know how to pronounce it; you cant hear a word and know how to spell it.
This material is copyrighted by Rachel's English LLC, 2015.
One letter does not correspond to one sound. For example, the letter A is pronounced differently in these three words: exact [gzct] here, it is the  vowel father [f ] here, it is the  vowel about [bat] here, it is the  vowel For many more examples, check out the Sound Chart Appendix.
For people whose native language is phonetic, this is very annoying. I apologize on behalf of the English language! It certainly makes it harder to learn. Even native speakers of English sometimes have to look up the pronunciation or spelling of a word.This is, in a way, another instance of fuzzy transition between syllables. Nevertheless, to understand what sound is, how sounds differ from one another, we have to focus on the activity of particles of air, not on the activity of the brain.
In one of these positions there may be free variation. Examine each word in the following list. These are the vowels which formed part b of the preliminary exercise 4a.
In this book we are concerned with differences in pronunciation. We have already seen, in section 7. Here we want to deal with some instances of what may be called variable clusters. Some elements can occur only as the peaks of unstressed syllables, not as the peaks of stressed syllables, and some phonemes have different pronunciations in stressed and unstressed syllables.
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